Climate change is closely linked to human violence. Even minimal changes in normal temperature or rainfall levels become responsible for the substantial increase in the risk of conflict and violent attitudes.
A study conducted by a group of Spanish scholars and recently published in the journal Science of the Total Environment relates heat waves to aggression . According to the study, the climate affects the violent attitudes of the human being.
According to further research carried out at the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Princeton, climate change is closely linked to many violent events worldwide.
Relatively small deviations from normal temperatures or rainfall have substantially increased violent attitudes and the risk of conflict historically and globally. The authors have shown that the climate on Earth is a variable that can influence both the mood and the conduct of man.
Some examples highlighted in the study are cases of domestic violence in India and Australia, the increase in aggression and murder in the United States and Tanzania, ethnic violence in Europe and South Asia, land invasions in Brazil, the use of force by the police in the Netherlands and civil strife in the tropics.
Let’s see how the climate can influence violent attitudes.
The climate, a cause of conflict and violent attitudes
These new studies may be of particular relevance to understanding how the climate change we are experiencing on our planet can affect us emotionally. Many global climate models project a global temperature increase of at least 2 degrees Celsius over the next century.
Scientists have found several types of conflicts related to climate change. Furthermore, it was found that the conflict responds more consistently to temperatures. In fact, 27 studies reveal that violent attitudes increase in proportion to the increase in temperature.
Researchers gathered this information based on 60 studies to come to similar conclusions within a common statistical framework. “The results are amazing,” says Solomon Hsian, lead author of the study and adjunct professor at the Goldman School of Public Policy at the University of California, Berkeley.
The hotter it is, the more male violence increases?
According to a study conducted by various Spanish scientists, there is a relationship between heat and male violence. Belén Sanz-Barbero, Cristina Linares, Carmen Vives-Cases, José Luis Gonzales, Juan José López-Ossorio and Julio Díaz are the co-authors of Olas de calor y el riesgo de violencia a manos de pareja íntima ( Heat waves and the risk of violence at the hands of the partner ).
A study published last December 10 in the journal Science of the Total Environment reveals that the risk of femicide at the hands of the partner increases in the three days following a heat wave. Faced with the huge number of women who have reported or claim to have suffered an episode of violence by their partner, scientists stress that it is of “extreme importance” to identify the factors that can fuel violent attitudes in men.
Based on these data, scientists argue that partner’s risk of femicide increased in the three days following the heat wave, while police arrests for male violence increased the day after the heat wave. itself.
The rate of victims of gender-based violence increased after five days. Specifically, the risk of a woman being killed by her partner due to heat is over 28%. “The results of our study suggest a correlation between heat waves and increased partner violence,” the researchers argue in the article’s conclusions.